What kind of Medications Deal with Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes medications

There are several kinds of medications which deal with type 2 diabetes. These medications have various mechanisms of action, with the typical objective of lowering and managing blood glucose levels. The diabetes medications might increase the blood insulin output through the pancreas and boost the level of sensitivity of tissues to insulin, reduce the quantity of glucose launched from the liver.The type 2 diabetes medication is used to reduce the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestinal tract, prevent the absorption of glucose by the kidneys, or sluggish emptying of the stomach, thus postponing absorption of nutrients in the small intestine.

The medications to treat type 2 diabetes are typically utilized in the mix and they are the part of the diabetes management solution. Routine workout and healthy eating are other fundamental elements of the perfect diabetes management strategy.

Type of oral diabetes drugs

  • Amylin mimetics
  • Insulin
  • Meglitinides
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • SGL T2 inhibitors
  • GLP-1 analogs
  • DPP IV inhibitors
  • Biguanides (metformin [Glucophage]

Amylin mimetics

Amylin mimetics include of the medicine pramlintide (Symlin).This medication is an artificial analog of humanistic Amylin and the hormonal agent manufactured from the pancreas assists to control sugar after foods. Like insulin, Amylin is missing or lacking individuals with diabetic issues. Pramlintide is provided with an injection before meals in individuals who are having blood insulin for type 2 or type 1 diabetes.


The function of Thiazolidinediones is to decrease the blood glucose through enhancing the level of sensitivity of fat cells and muscles to the insulin. Medications of this type of class tend to enhance cholesterol levels patterns in individuals with type 2 diabetes.


The Biguanides are one type of type 2 medication which has been utilized for several years. Metformin (Glucophage) under this class of drugs which works for reducing the glucose development with the liver. Previous Biguanides drugs might have significant adverse effects; however, metformin has been utilized securely because 1994 for the therapy of type 2 diabetes medications. The Metformin could benefit obese clients because it frequently reduces hunger.

DPP IV inhibitors

The DPP-4 inhibitors are the inhibitors of the molecule Dipeptidyl peptidase 4, which damages down GLP-1.It indicates that the naturally-occurring GLP-1 has a higher impact, causing reduced stomach clearing and reduced production of sugar with the liver.

GLP-1 analogue

The GLP-1 analogs are also called as incretion mimetics or glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists. These work through slowing stomach emptying and delaying the release of glucose from the liver.


The function of Meglitinides medication is to promote the insulin discharge through the pancreas. Compared to the sulfonylureas, Meglitinides are short-acting, having peak impacts within an hour. These are typically used up to 3 times a time before meals. The Examples of Meglitinide are nateglinide (Starlix) and repaginate (Prandin).

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

The primary functions of Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are to minimizing the effect of carbohydrate usage and decrease the food digestion of complex carbohydrates usage on blood glucose. The Examples of alpha-glucosidase inhibitor drugs are miglitol (Glyset) and carbose (Precose).


The Sulfonylureas is one of the type 2 diabetes medications they are created to boost the insulin output with the pancreas. Earlier sulfonylurea medicines consisted of chlorpropamide (Diabinese) and tolbutamide, which were deserted due to the greater danger of cardiovascular occasions in those getting the drugs. Examples of more recent sulfonylurea drugs consist of Glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiakBeta) and Glipzide (Glucotrol).

One prospective danger of these drugs is that they are used to lower the blood sugar level, possibly resulting in unusually low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia).

SGL2 inhibitors

It is the new class of the type 2 diabetes medication and these class of drugs called sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. The SGLT2 inhibitors work for obstructing the renals reabsorption of sugar and carbohydrates. It triggers more blood sugar to be eliminated in the urine. The Examples of SGL2 inhibitors consist of empagliflozin (Jardiance), apagliflozin (Farxiga) and canagliflozin (Invokana).These type of medication also used for promote the weight-loss.

Bile acid sequestrants

Nowadays the bile acid sequestrants are authorized for the therapy of type 2 diabetes is colesevelam (Welchol). Bile acid sequestrants work mostly in the intestinal tracts where they are used to reduce the reabsorption of bile acid. The precise system by these representatives lower blood sugar is unknown.

Comments are closed.